WORLD DAY OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITY
More than one billion people of the world are disabled and this is a significant part of the population who suffer discrimination and dismay in economic, educational, social and family regards due to their disability.
The celebration of one international day for the disabled people is a unified move to raise public awareness and the achievements so far have been the introduction of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by UN and the inclusion of the disabled population in Global Millennium Goals.
Women and disability
According to the 2011 World report on Disability by World Bank and World Health Organization, people with disability make 15 percent of world population, 2.4 percent of which suffer from serious functional disability.
The amount is 10 percent higher than 1970 reports of disability. The difference can be attributed to the aging population, the rapid spread of chronic diseases, and the improvement in methods of measuring disability.
The report introduces women as one of the main vulnerable groups besides the poor and the elderly, with regard to disability.
Disabled women are prone to two types of discrimination due to their gender and disability. They are also highly vulnerable to violence, abuse, lack of education and unemployed.
The 6th article of CRD emphasized the necessity of improvement and empowering disabled women in their strive to achieve their goals and ambitions as part of their human rights.
Also, the 3rd article of the MDG on the rights of the disabled indicates gender equality and empowering women by giving them equal access to resources, sponsoring disabled girls’ right to education, and developing disabled women’s groups for rehabilitation.
Children and disability
Other findings of the report reveal that children in poor and developing countries and classes are more prone to disability than children in rich families and societies and that disabled children in poor circumstances are more likely to face economic vulnerability than disabled children in developed countries.
Of worlds disabled population, 200 million are children and this is the population that is in special need for education and health care provisions by governments and civil society.
Of other MDG’sarticles, the 4th article indicates the reduction in disable d children’s mortality rate. Disabled children are more at danger of death than other children due to the existing barriers against reaching them with suitable health care and the highly probable neglect by their families and societies in some cultures.
The 5th article also points to the women who have been disabled as a result of their mothers’ birth-giving complications, the women who might give birth to disabled children due to similar complications, and disabled women who might give birth to a child, like any other woman does. These are the group of women who need concentrated provisions, too.